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作者:李季鴻
作者(外文):Chi-Hung lee
論文名稱:流動的臺灣— 陳映真與臺灣左翼文學史觀
論文名稱(外文):Mobile Taiwan— Ying-Zhen Chen and Taiwan Leftist Literary Historiography
指導教授:丁乃非
指導教授(外文):Naifei Ding
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
學號:951202008
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:陳映真陳芳明社會形態臺灣文學左翼文學史觀
外文關鍵詞:Fang-Ming Chensocial formationTaiwan literatureleftist literary historiographyYing-Zhen Chen
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  本研究的目的在於解構性(但非去政治)的閱讀左翼作家陳映真在《聯合文學》與陳芳明的論戰中所呈現的統卅左派論述。文中的章節,主要將陳映真的左派敘事分為馬克思理論、個人經驗以及人道主義關懷三個部份加以探討。
  在第一章裡,我透過比較陳映真理論中的重要關鍵字「社會形態」在不同背景及寫作策略中的不同意義,質疑陳映真所宣稱該詞擁有的科學性。第二章討論陳映真所使用「中國人在臺灣」的堅固敘述結構,且提出該結構中陳映真強調的中國認同與其個人政治立場的一致性是否成立,關鍵在於兩者是否能夠透過對中國社會的參與來檢驗。第三章凸顯陳映真左派論述的人道關懷—尤其與國家權力結合時— 所展現的壓迫性。同時我也指出,其將普世價值與相對價值混合使用的方式,對左派論述的展開有相當的風險。
  透過章節的順序,本文企圖拉出兩組對照。第一章與第二章分開討論陳映真的左派敘事中的兩個重要出發點,即:一般性理論以及個人經驗。兩者在運行邏輯相反的情形下,竟然形成一種互為因果的關係。此外,透過第三章與第一、二章的對照,我希望呈現出陳映真論述中理想性和政治性的制約關係。此外,也希望本文有助於分析在臺灣背景下,馬克思理論與國族主義以任何形式的結合。 
  
  
  The present study aims at a deconstructive but not apolitical reading of the leftist writer, Ying-Zhen Chen’s (pro-unificationist) leftist discourse presented in his debate in Unitus with another literary figure in Taiwan, Fang-Ming Chen, whose attempt is to build up a literary historiography based on an innovative periodization of Taiwan’s colonial experience. In the following discussion, I will probe into Ying-Zhen Chen’s narrative from three aspects— Marxist theory, personal experience and humanist concern— in respective chapters. In the first chapter of this thesis I dig into the meaning of the key term “social formation” as the backbone of Ying-Zhen Chen’s theory and challenge the scientificity he claims to be attaching to it by comparing its usages in different contexts and theoretical strategies. In the second chapter, the idea of “Chinese in Taiwan” that forms a solid structure in Ying-Zhen Chen’s discourse is investigated. While questioning the validity of his narrative brought by his experiences and political consistency, I argue that Ying-Zhen Chen’s Chinese identity and political steadfastness need to be examined by his participation in Chinese society as a whole. In the third chapter I try to indicate the repressive side of Ying-Zhen Chen’s humanist concern, especially when it is married with state power. Also, I point out the danger of mixing universal and comparative values without differences in a discourse that is claimed to be leftist.
  Through the first and the second chapter I would like to indicate a reciprocal causation in Ying-Zhen Chen’s leftist narrative consists of generalized method and personal experiences at the same time, while the two approaches are in nature conflicting. By adding the third chapter as a contrast to the previous two chapters I wish to point out the conditioned relationship between the idealist and political respects in Ying-Zhen Chen’s discourse. Hopefully this study will shed some lights on future analyses of nationalist Marxist theoretical models of any kind, especially those in my own political context.
  
Table of Contents
Abstract………..……………………………………………………………………….i
Chinese Abstract……..……………………………………………………………….iii
Acknowledgements………..………………………………………………………….iv
Foreword & Introduction………..…………………………………………………….1
Chapter 1: Between Code and Action I:
The Scientific “Social Formation”….........................................................19
Chapter 2: Between Code and Action II:
The Empiricist “Chinese in Taiwan”..........................................................44
Chapter 3: Between Universal and Relative Values:
On Christian Spirit and Secular Justice
in Ying-Zhen Chen’s Nationalist Discourse…………………………...…64
Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………..83
Works Cited
Althusser, Louis and Etienne Balibar. Reading Capital. Trans. Ben Brewster. London: New Left Books, 1987.
Chen, Fang-Ming. “臺灣新文學史的建構與分期” [The Construction and Staging of New Taiwanese Literary History] Unitas 178 (Aug. 1999): 162-73
—. “馬克思主義有那麼嚴重嗎?—回答陳映真的科學發明與知識創見” [Is Marxism that Serious?: A Response to Ying-Zheng Chen’s Scientific Inventions and Epistemological Innovations] Unitas 190 (Aug. 2000): 156-65
—. “當臺灣文學戴上馬克思面具” [When Taiwanese Literature Wears Marxist Mask] Unitas 192 (Oct. 2000): 166-79
—. “有這種統派,誰還需要馬克思?” [With Such Unitarians, Who would Still Need Marxism?] Unitas 202 (Aug. 2001): 150-67
—. “問學十年”[Ask and Learn for a Decade] 《左翼臺灣》[Leftist Taiwan] Taipei: Rye Field, 2007.
Chen, Ying-Zhen. “以意識形態代替科學知識的災難—批評陳芳明先生的〈臺灣新文學史建構與分期〉” [The Disaster of Replacing Scientific Knowledge with Ideology: A Scrutiny of Mr. Fang-Ming Chen’s ‘The Construction and Staging of New Taiwanese Literary History] Unitas 189 (Jul. 2000): 138-60
—. “關於臺灣「社會性質」的進一步討論” [Further Discussions on Taiwan’s ‘Social Formation’] Unitas 191 (Sep. 2000): 138-61
—. “陳芳明歷史三階段論和臺灣新文學史論可以休矣!結束爭論的話” [Fang-Ming Chen’s Three-Staged Taiwanese History and New Taiwan Literary Historiography can Stop Right Now: Words to End the Debate] Unitas 194 (Dec. 2000): 148-72
—. “鞭子與提燈”[Whip and Lantern] 人間風景[Scenery of Men’s World]. Taipei: Wenhsun, 2009. 20-27
—. “等待總結的血漬—寫給天安門事件中已死和倖活的學生們。”[The Blood Stains Waiting to be Concluded— to Students who had Lost Their Lives or Luckily Survived in Tiananmen Incident] 《人間》[Renjian] 45 (Jul. 1989): 70-3
—. “關於中國文藝自由問題的幾個隨想”[Some Random Thoughts about Freedom of Literature and Art in China”] 《中華雜誌》[ChungHua Magazine] 223 (Feb. 1982): 23-5
—. “讀七教授「坦白的建議」有感”[Some Thoughts after Reading the Seven Professors’ “Frank Suggestions”] 《中國結》[The Chinese Complex] Taipei: 人間[Renjian], 1988. 135-148
—. “文明和野蠻的辯證”[The Dialect between Civilization and Savagery] 13 Jul. 2012 <http://intermargins.net/Forum/2005/lonentai/let10.htm>
Jenkins, Keith. “What history is.” Re-thinking History. New York: Routledge, 1991. 5-26
Lee, Gui-Fang. “意識的偵防與歷史的夢魘— 從陳映真與陳芳明的論爭說起,並兼論晚近「臺灣文學史」的問題.” [Censorship to Consciousness and Nightmares of History: On Ying-Zhen Chen and Fang-Ming Chen’s debate, and Several Problems in Recent Studies on “Taiwanese Literature] Chung Wai Literary Quarterly. 32 (Nov. 2004) 13-35
Lee, Shu-Xin. “’半殖民半封建社會’的概念是怎樣提出和確定的”[How was the Idea of “Semi-colony/ Semi-Feudalism” Raised and Assured] 《青大師院學報》[Journal of Teachers College Qindao University] 2 (Mar. 1996): 1-8.
Liao, Ping-Hui. “後殖民的掙扎”[The Struggle of Postcolonialism] At the Crossroad of Taiwan and World Literature. (臺灣與世界文學的匯流) Taipei: Unitas, 2006. 299-301
Liao, Xian-Hao. “中空之人與化外之人— 陳映真作品中的全球性移動、反向移動與普世胸懷”[Hollow Man and Human Sacer: Global Flow, Countermovement, and Critical Cosmopolitanism in Ying-Zhen Chen’s Literary Works] 《陳映真創作50週年國際學術研討會論文集》[Collection of Essays of the International Conference for the 50th Anniversary of Ying-Zhen Chen’s Literary Creation.] Taipei: Wenhsun, 2009. 83-104
Munslow, Alun. Narrative and History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
“Social Formation” A Dictionary of Marxist Thoughts. 2nd ed. Malden: Blackwell, 2001.
Qiu, Shi-Jie. “從中國革命風暴而來¬— 陳映真的「社會性質論」和他的馬克思主義觀” [Coming From China’s Revolutionary Storm— Ying-Zhen Chen’s Theory of “Social Formation] 《陳映真創作50週年國際學術研討會論文集》[Collection of Essays of the International Conference for the 50th Anniversary of Ying-Zhen Chen’s Literary Creation.] Taipei: Wenhsun, 2009. 241-99
Zhang, Tie-Zhi. “陳映真論中國”[Ying-Zhen Chen on China] 13 Jul. 2012 <http://blog.yam.com/SoundsandFury/article/5715670&page=2&limit=30>
Zhang, Qin-Hai. “論對’半封建’’半殖民’地兩個概念的理論界定”[On Theoretical Definitions to the two Concepts:”Semi-Feudalism” and “Semi-Colony”] 《近代史研究》[Modern Chinese History Studies] 6 (1998):226-34
Zhao, Xia-Qiu. “陳映真小說裡的蒼生意識”[The Consciousness of Universal Love in Ying-Zhen Chen’s Fictions] 《陳映真創作50週年國際學術研討會論文集》[Collection of Essays of the International Conference for the 50th Anniversary of Ying-Zhen Chen’s Literary Creation.] Taipei: Wenhsun, 2009. 51-80
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