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作者:鍾震亞
作者(外文):Chen-ya Chung
論文名稱(外文):Ambivalence and Dilemma, Queer Spaces Made: Queer Reading of the Spaces in Giovanni’s Room
指導教授:白瑞梅
指導教授(外文):Amie Parry
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:941202004
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:喬凡尼的房間酷異空間酷異時間矛盾異性戀之正常性
外文關鍵詞:queer timequeer spaceambivalenceheterosexual normativityGiovanni''s Room
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本論文探討詹姆士˙鮑德溫的小說《喬凡尼的房間》中之「酷異空間」及其呈現。文中援引茱蒂斯˙哈伯斯坦之「酷異時間及酷異空間」理論深入探究小說裡某些特定空間,並且以酷兒化的方式重新閱讀,以便提供另一了解小說中主角—大衛,以及使其困擾的性、兩難的抉擇,和對人生產生之矛盾心態的切入點。過往之學術探討泰半專注於將大衛解釋為雙性戀角色,認為他無法安定下來並且經營一段長穩的關係,甚至將其猶豫不決以及最終喬凡尼之死與荷拉的離去歸咎於大衛雙性戀的性取向。然而本論文將藉由探討大衛與其出入之空間的關係,試著開啟另一種了解大衛以及小說中悲劇結局的可能。這些空間之所以被閱讀為酷異空間並非只因其中某些空間為酷兒們聚集的場所,它們其實還具有非正常之特質。當大衛置身卅切換於這些不同空間時,他對於被同化成酷兒一份子的潛在恐懼被空間裡呈現的非正常性激起,然而當抽離這些酷異空間時,大衛旋即又想起身為異性戀該負起的人生責任及義務,並且再次厭惡異性戀那一成不變且幾近靜止的生活。藉由將這些空間閱讀為酷異空間,本論文期望能夠將這些空間的呈現以及它們潛在且對大衛造成的形塑力量作為了解大衛這個角色的另一種可能性,而非只是將之視為一種性向的代表。同時,本文也希望能夠補充過去學術文獻中未被探討的部份,更期望能夠吸引並開展未來更多的討論。
This thesis discusses “queer spaces” presented in James Baldwin’s novel Giovanni’s Room (1956). Following Judith Halberstam’s concept of “queer time and queer space,” this thesis explores and exemplifies particular spaces within the novel and queerly re-reads them so as to achieve an alternative in understanding the protagonist, David, his troubled sexuality, dilemma and ambivalence toward his decisions in life. As most of the previous scholarly attention focuses on defining David as a bisexual character who couldn’t get settled down and involved in a long-term relationship, and even attributes his indecisiveness and the eventual tragedy of Giovanni’s death and Hella’s departure to his bisexuality, this thesis will try to shed a new light on the understanding of David and the tragic ending through his relationship with the spaces he gets involved in and other related spaces. These spaces will be read as queer spaces not only because some of them serve as places of queer constellations, but because they feature non-normative characteristics. When David situates himself in queer spaces, his innate fear of being assimilated to queerness is aroused as a result of the non-normativity that permeates those spaces, and once he gets out of these queer spaces, he would soon be reminded of his heterosexual obligations and again loathe the static life mode of heterosexuality. Through reading these spaces as queer spaces, it is hoped that their representations and potential shaping power on David can serve as an alternative in understanding David as a character instead of as a representation of sexual identity only, and at the same time complement what has been missing from the previous scholarly attention, and open up possible future discussions.
Table of Contents
Abstract……………………………………………………………………..…………I
Chinese Abstract ……………………………………………………………..……….II
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………..……….III
Chapter One:
Introduction………………………………………………………………….1
Chapter Two:
Queer Spaces: Family, City, Nation and the Counterpublic………………...11
Chapter Three:
Coupling Spaces: Relations Initiated, Ambivalence Deepened…………….44
Chapter Four:
Conclusion……………………………………………………………….....78
Works Cited: ………………………………………………………………………….83
Works Cited
Publications in English:
Adams, Stephen. “Giovanni’s Room: The Homosexual as Hero.” Modern Critical
Views: James Baldwin. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1986. 131-39.
Baldwin, James. Giovanni’s Room. New York, NY: Dell Publishing, 1988, c1956.
Boellstorff, Tom. “When Marriage Falls: Queer Coincidences in Straight Time.”
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, Vol.13, No. 2-3, 2007. 227-48.
Bone, Robert A. “James Baldwin.” James Baldwin: A Collection of Critical
Essays. Ed. Keneth Kinnamon. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1974. 28-40.
Chancy, Myriam J.A. “Brother/ Outsider: In Search of a Black Gay Legacy in
James Baldwin’s Giovanni’s Room.” The Gay’s 90s: Disciplinary and
Interdisciplinary Formations in Queer Studies. Ed. Thomas Forster, Carol
Siegel, and Ellen E. Berry. New York and London: New York UP, 1997.
155-190.
Coviello, Peter. “World Enough: Sex and Time in Recent Queer Studies.” GLQ: Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, Vol.13, No. 2-3, 2007. 387-401.
DeGout, Yasmin Y. “Dividing the Mind: Contradictory Portraits of Homoerotic
Love in Giovanni''s Room.” African American Review 26, No. 3 (Fall 1992):
425-35.
Drowne, Kathleen N. “An Irrevocable Condition: Constructions of Home and the
Writing of Place in Giovanni’s Room.” Re-view James Baldwin: things not
seen. Ed. D. Quentin Miller. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000.
72-87.
Fiedler, Leslie A. “A Homosexual Dilemma.” Critical Essays on James Baldwin.
Ed. Fred L. Standley, and Nancy V. Burt. Boston, Mass: G.K. Hall, 1988.
Halberstam, Judith. In A Queer Time and Place. New York and London: New
York UP, 2005.
Henderson, Mae G. “James Baldwin''s Giovanni’s Room: Expatriation, ‘Racial
Drag,’ and Homosexual Panic.” Black Queer Studies : A Critical Anthology.
Ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2005.
Holland, Sharon Patricia. “(Pro) Creating Imaginative Spaces and Other QueerActs:
Randall Kenan’s A Visitation of Spirits and Its Revival of James Baldwin’s Absent Black Gay Man in Giovanni’s Room.” Raising the Dead: Readings of Death and (Black) Subjectivity. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2000.
Shin, Andrew and Judson Barbara. “Beneath the Black Aesthetic: James Baldwin’s
Primer of Black American Masculinity.” African American Review 32, No. 2, 1998: 425-35.
Turner, William, B. A Genealogy of Queer Theory. Philadelphia: Temple UP,
2000.
Zaborowska, Magdalena J. “From Baldwin’s Paris to Benjamin’s: The
architectonics of race and sexuality in Giovanni’s Room.” Walter Benjamin
and Architecture. Ed. Gevork Hartoonian. London ; New York : Routledge, 2010, 51-73.
Publications in Chinese:
紀大偉(Chi, Ta-Wei),《戀物癖》(Fetishism)。台北:時報文化,1998。
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