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作者:潘崇立
作者(外文):Chung-Li Pan
論文名稱:早期現代母職形構:
論文名稱(外文):Early Modern Formation of Motherhood: The Decline of the Wet-nurse and the Rise of the New Mother
指導教授:林錥鋕
指導教授(外文):Spencer Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:89122005
畢業學年度:94
語文別:英文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:母職新好媽媽奶媽
外文關鍵詞:new mothermotherhoodwet-nurse
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本論文主要探討早期現代母職形構過程。論旨是早期現代經歷一場從奶媽式微到〝新好媽媽〞崛起的歷史過渡。第一章分析十六世紀初〝新好媽媽〞論述如何形成。第二章試圖瞭解十七世紀初貴族母親如何回應〝新好媽媽〞論述以及此論述所製造的緊張態勢。第三章探討十七世紀末產婆如何替奶媽辯護,並結論奶媽行業在此重要歷史時刻已被〝新好媽媽〞論述逐漸瓦解而式微。
This thesis mainly concerns early modern formation of motherhood. I argue that the early modern period witnessed a historical transition from the decline of the wet-nurse to the emergence of the “New Mother.” In Chapter One, I analyze how the “New Mother” discourse was formulated in the early sixteenth century. In Chapter Two, I turn to an elite mother’s response to the “New Mother” discourse as well as the tension this discourse produced in the early seventeenth century. In Chapter Three, I look into a midwife’s defense of the wet-nurse in the late seventeenth century, and conclude that wet-nursing was undermined by the “New Mother” discourse during this crucial moment in history.
Contents
Abstract ---v
Acknowledgement ---vii
Introduction ---1
Chapter One “The Better Part of Childbearing Is the Nursing of the Tender Baby”: Nursing Practice and the Formation of New Motherhood---14
Chapter Two “Bee Not Accessary to That Disorder of Causing a Poorer Woman to Banish Her Owne Infant”: Reforming and Redeeming the Mother---37
Chapter Three Wet-nursing as “a Remedy That Needs a Remedy”:
The Defense and Decline of the Wet-nurse--- 58
Works Cited ---80
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Crawford, Patricia and Laura Gowing, ed. Women’s Worlds in Seventeenth-Century England. New York: Routledge, 2000.
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---. Wet Nursing: A History From Antiquity to the Present. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988.
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Stone, Lawrence. The Family, Sex and Marriage in England 1500-1800. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1979.
Travitsky, Betty. “Introduction: Placing Women in the English Renaissance.” Attending to Women in Early Modern England. Ed. Betty S. Travitsky and Adele F. Seeff. London: Associated UP, 1994.
---. “The New Mother of the English Renaissance: Her Writings on Motherhood.” The Lost Tradition : Mothers and Daughters in Literature. Ed. Cathy N. Davidson and E. M. Broner. New York: Ungar, 1980.
---, ed. The Paradise of Women: Writings by Englishwomen of the Renaissance. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.
Travitsky, Betty S. and Cullen, Patrick, ed. The Early Modern Englishwoman: A facsimile Library of Essential Works. Part 2: Printed Writings, 1500-1640: Vol. 8: Mother’s Advice Books. England: Ashgate, 2001.
Trubowitz, Rachel. “‘Nourish-Milke’: Breastfeeding and the Crisis of Englishness, 1600-1660.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology (2000): 29-49.
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