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作者:湯嘉瑩
作者(外文):Jia-ying Tang
論文名稱:偽裝:莎士比亞劇中的另類身份鑄造過程
論文名稱(外文):Disguise: An Alternative Process of Identity-Fashioning in Shakespeare
指導教授:林錥鋕
指導教授(外文):Spencer Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:89122004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:63
外文關鍵詞:classmannersclothingidentitydisguisegender
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The thesis attempts to collect social practices and facts in Shakespeare’s time and to understand how people construct and fashion their new social identities with the help of disguise. The examples of disguise are from Shakespearean plays. We will see how people forge new class and gender identities for themselves by changing their identity indexes of clothing and manners.
Examples of disguise in Shakespeare fall into two categories: same-sex disguise and opposite-sex disguise. Generally speaking, the former kind is devoted to the issue of class identity, while the latter one is devoted to the issue of gender identity. Hopefully, boundaries of class and gender in Shakespeare’s England may appear more clearly before us by understanding how they keep being permeated and blurred by disguisers.
In Introduction, first of all, I show the definitions of disguise found from OED. Then, the statement, attempts, and methodology of this thesis are given. In addition, the position of my research within the relevant academic field is shown, too. Finally, I give a short summary of each chapter.
Chapter One is devoted to the knowledge of Shakespearean social context with regard to clothing and manners, i.e., sumptuary laws and conduct books. We will see how people tried hard to reinforce class and gender distinctions by regulating various types of clothing and manners, and, also, how their attempts turned out to be in vain.
In Chapter Two, I analyze the examples of same sex-disguise, relevant with the issue of class identity. In it, we will see how people forged new status for themselves by changing their clothing and manners. The process of fashioning new status will be demonstrated here.
In Chapter Three, I move on to discuss the fashioning of gender identity by analyzing the examples of opposite-sex disguise. We will see how people make themselves perceived as the members of their opposite sex with the help of cross-dressing and changing their manners. In our discussion of same-sex and opposite-sex disguises, several social facts and practices in Shakespeare’s England will be collected, too.
In the final chapter, I draw a conclusion on various types of disguise that we have discussed in the previous chapters. Then, to make my inference more credible, I move on to justify the legitimacy of inferring reality from literary texts. Last, I give some suggestions for further research.
Abstract
Acknowledgement
Introduction--------------------------------------------- 1
Chapter One Clothing, Manners, and Class Distinctions: Sumptuary Laws and Conduct Books ------------------------ 9
Chapter Two Same-Sex Disguise-------------------------- 21
I. Upwardly Mobile Disguise ------------------------- 22
II. Downwardly Mobile Disguise ---------------------- 30
III. Substitutive Disguise -------------------------- 37
Chapter Three Opposite-Sex Disguise-------------------- 42
I. Male-to-Female Disguise--------------------------- 42
II. Female-to-Male Disguise-------------------------- 45
Conclusion---------------------------------------------- 57
Works Cited--------------------------------------------- 61
Baldwin, Frances Elizabeth. Sumptuary Legislation and Personal Regulation in England. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1926.
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Bryson, Anna. “The Rhetoric of Status: Gesture, Demeanor and the Image of the Gentleman in Sixteenth-and Seventeenth-Century England.” Renaissance Bodies. Ed. Lucy Gent and Nigel Llewellyn. London: Reaktion, 1990.
Carroll, William C., and Bono, Barbara J.. Rosalind. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1992.
Cook, Carol, and Novy Marianne. Shakespeare and Gender: A History. Ed. Deborah E.
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Erasumus, Desiderius. De Civilitate Morum Puerilium (On good manners for boys). In Collected Works of erasumus, vol. 25. Ed. J. K. Sowards. Trans. Brian McGregor. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1985.
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Rackin, Phyllis. “Foreign Country: The Place of Women and Sexuality in Shakespeare’s Historical World”. Enclosure Acts. Ed. Richard Burt and John Michael Archer. New York: Cornell UP, 1994.
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Stallybrass, Peter. “Worn worlds: clothes and identity on the Renaissance stage.” Subject and Object in Renaissance Culture. Ed. Margreta de Grazia, Maureen Quilligan, and Peter Stallybrass. New York: Cambridge UP, 1996.
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