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作者:林佩蓉
作者(外文):Pei-Jung Lin
論文名稱:夾縫中的女體:《惡有惡報》與《泰特斯.安莊尼克斯》中的失聲現象
論文名稱(外文):“Life in the Interstices”: Tongue-loss in Measure for Measure and Titus Andronicus
指導教授:林錥鋕
指導教授(外文):Yuh-Jyh Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:88122011
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:56
外文關鍵詞:Titus AndronicusMeasure for Measurethe interstitial statusproperty
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The main concern of this thesis is the interaction between the patriarchal scheme and the behaviors of female characters in these two plays of Shakespeare, Measure for Measure and Titus Andronicus. Instead of taking female silence as a mechanism that sustains the imbalance of power between male and female characters and as the symptom of their deficiency under the patriarchal scheme, I look at female characters from their behaviors in the plays, not merely from their lines. By means of Linda Woodbridge’s idea about the decategorized women and Peter Stallybrass’s division of women into two groups, the classical body and the grotesque body, I will illustrate the liminal statuses of Isabella and Lavinia and their crucial roles in the patriarchal scheme.
Chapter one reviews the accounts of Woodbridge and Stallybrass. Based on Mary Douglas’s observation concerning unclassifiable elements, Woodbridge maintains that the women living in the interstices are dangerous but powerful. For Stallybrass, he adapts M. M. Bakhtin’s idea of the classical body and the grotesque one and suggests that women are divided into these two categories by the three signs, the enclosed body, the closed mouth and the locked house. In addition, he also comments on the way woman is produced as man’s property.
Chapter two argues that Isabella bears these characteristics of these two bodies. Instead of being subject to male supremacy, she blurs the boundaries that separate different places and remains the only maid possessed by no men at the end of the play. Chapter three demonstrates the transformation of Lavinia from Titus’ virtuous daughter to a raped widow and how the two statuses of Titus, both in the family and in the state, are affected by her. I argue that compared to her father whose power is on the wane, she plays a crucial role in the revenge plot.
Chapter four is the concluding chapter that discusses the tense relation between female sexual transgression and the patriarchal order. Although men may use marriage to reclassify the unmarried non-virgins and use death to purify the stain of the raped wife, they face the more ambivalent situation when they deal with the transgression of their own mothers.
Chapter One Introduction 1
Chapter Two Isabella’s Liminal Status in Measure for Measure 8
Chapter Three The Transformation from Rome’s Rich Ornament to a Map of Woe: The Place of Lavinia in the Revenge Plot of Titus Andronicus 30
Chapter Four Conclusion 51
Works Cited 55
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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Coleridge’s Miscellaneous Criticism. Ed. Thomas
Middleton Raysor. Folcroft, Pa: Folcroft P, 1969.
Douglas, Mary. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and
Taboo. London: Routledge, 1995.
Fawcett, Mary Laughlin. “Arms/Words/Tears: Language and the Body in Titus
Andronicus.” English Literary History 50.2 (1983): 261-77.
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(1971): 163-8.
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in Titus Andronicus.” Shakespeare Quarterly 40.3 (1989): 317-26.
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and Liberty.” English Literary Renaissance 27.1 (1997): 89-105.
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Spectacles of Power.” English Literary Renaissance 23.3 (1993): 450-71.
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Scale’?” Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 22.2 (1982): 257-270.
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in Titus Andronicus.” Shakespeare Quarterly 49.1 (1998): 22-39.
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---. Titus Andronicus. Ed. Jonathan Bate. London and New York: Routledge,
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Stallybrass, Peter. “Patriarchal Territories: The Body Enclosed.” Rewriting
the Renaissance: The Discourses of Sexual Difference in Early Modern
Europe. Eds. Margaret W. Ferguson, et al. Chicago: U of Chicago P,
1986. 123-42.
Thatcher, David. “Questionable Purpose in Measure for Measure: A Test of
Seeming or a Seeming Test? “ English Literary Renaissance 25.1 (1995):
26-44.
Woodbridge, Linda. “Palisading the Body Politic.” True Rites and Maimed
Rites: Ritual and Anti-Ritual in Shakespeare and His Age. Eds. Linda Woodbridge and Edward Berry. Chicago: U of Illinois P, 1992. 270-98.
Wynne-Davies, Marion. “’The Swallowing Womb’: Consumed and Consuming Women
in Titus Andronicus.” The Matter of Difference: Materialist Feminist
Criticism of Shakespeare. Ed. Valerie Wane. New York: Harvester
Wheatsheaf, 1991. 129-51.
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