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作者:馬文漪
作者(外文):Wen-Yi Ma
論文名稱(外文):Body, Image and the Visaul Technology: Disappearance of the Human Body in Cinematic Representations
指導教授:李振亞林文淇
指導教授(外文):Chenya LiWenchi Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:87122011
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:110
外文關鍵詞:visual imageprosthesisvisual technologyhuman bodyrobotcyborg
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Abstract
This thesis traces the process of an ongoing trivialization of human bodies in
(post-)modern societies from the perspective of cinematic representations. From
mechanical to cybernetic prostheses of human bodies, there is a growing tendency to
prosthesize the surfaces of bodies. The sophistication of visual technologies has
marginalized physicality and invested human bodies with optical illusions. Being
ambushed with visual images, postmodern culture has been limited to a fixed gaze
and formulated into a series of visual spectacles.
Accordingly, in the first chapter, I am going to examine how the transformation
of ontological status of human flesh has taken place in fin-de-siecle France by means
of newly invented cinematic technologies. In the second chapter, I am going to
explore how the transcendent power of cinematography is able to immortalize
physical bodies in a modern way and construct a perfect body without organs of
commodities. The splendid visual media are capable of interpenetrating the viewer
and mechanized images, reality and representation. The capitalist’s visual culture
has constructed a detached sphere which is apart from our living reality, and yet,
paradoxically, interchangeable with our material world. The third chapter accounts
for pure exposure of human bodies in the representations of cyborg figures. The
fourth chapter is organized around several sections of discussions about the virtual
body in hyperreality. This chapter offers a critique of Andy and Larry Wachowski’s
film, The Matrix, to illustrate how a computer-generated world, a more-real-than-real
virtuality, has totally taken over the real world in which human bodies become slaves
of the digital media. Moreover, with VR prostheses, the rapid proliferation of virtual
space has made possible the ultimate transcendence of physical reality.
Abstract i
Acknowledgements iii
Introduction 1
Chapter I: Mechanical Prostheses of the Body in Early Cinema 7
Chapter II: The Transcendent Power of Cinematography 27
Chapter III: Body as Machines 46
Chapter IV: The Virtual Body – Cybernetic Prostheses of the
Body Presented in Matrix 65
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