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作者:郭美玉
作者(外文):Mei-yui Kuo
論文名稱:The Duchess of Malfi 和 The Revenger''s Tragedy 女性身體意涵
論文名稱(外文):The Female Body and the Male Order of Things in The Duchess of Malfi and The Revengre''s Tragedy
指導教授:林錥鋕
指導教授(外文):Spencer Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
舊系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學號:87122004
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:子宮女性身體死亡解剖
外文關鍵詞:anatomychildbearingthe lying-in chamberwombthe female bodydeath
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Abstract
This thesis mainly considers the female body in early modern society. The female body has been the object of study in drama on the one hand and the object of surveillance both in the family and in the theater of anatomy on the other hand. It has been regarded as the object of fear, which is always the disruptive power to the family and society. While it is regarded as what Bakhtin calls the grotesque body, which always transgresses its prescribed limits, the continuance of the family and the principle of primogeniture hinge on the female version of what Bakhtin calls the classic body. The duplicity of the female body initiates my reading of the female body in The Duchess of Malfi and in The Revenger’s Tragedy.
Chapter one reviews three historicized accounts of the body, as it was understood in early modern society: M. M. Bakhtin’s classic and grotesque bodies, G. M. Paster’s humoral body and Thomas Laqueur’s one-sex / one flesh model. In addition, I discuss the performance of the female body in the theater of early modern anatomy with a view to understanding how the female body becomes the object of knowledge and how the pursuit of that knowledge is related to the place of the female body in the familial and social structures.
Chapter two argues that the lying-in chamber serves as the site of inversion of the patriarchal prerogatives. I read the childbearing scene as the scene in which the classic body is transformed into the grotesque body. Chapter three discusses the dead female body in relation to the family integrity. I argue how the female body, though dead, serves to authorize male epistemology and how that epistemology functions to protect the family integrity.
The thesis concludes with a discussion of the relation between the theatrics of the public anatomical demonstration and the dramatics of tragedy. While the fragmented female body on stage challenges its audience to know who it is, it continues to confuse them. While the man who displays it attempts to transform it into “the corpus of mental categories,” it acts its own part, telling what is so special about both his body and hers in the two plays.
Contents
Abstract
Acknowledgement
Chapter One Introduction 1
Chapter Two “So Troubled with Mother”: the Maternal 12
Body and the Integrity of the Familial Order
Chapter Three “Die then, Quickly”: Female Body and Male 35
Epistemology
Chapter Four Conclusion 54
Works Cited 58
Baker, Francis. The Tremulous Private Body: Essays on Subjection. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Bakhtin, M. M. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.
Brofen, Elisabeth. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Femininity and Aesthetic. Oxford: Manchester University Press, 1992.
Cixous, H
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