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作者:何冠儀
作者(外文):Kuan-I Ho
論文名稱(外文):The Politics of "Blank Aesthetic": Rethinking the Cultural Imaginary of the East and Techno Utopia in The Three-Body Problem
指導教授:林建廷
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
學號:107122007
出版年:110
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:劉慈欣留白科技烏托邦東方美學
外文關鍵詞:Liu Cixinmodern liberalismtechno utopiaEastern aesthetics
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本文從劉慈欣的科幻三部曲《三體》及對其的評論出發,我注意到大部分的評論皆對於他所打造的細緻的世界架構,及具有包容性的科技烏托邦(techno utopia)未來都表示高度的肯定。因此我試圖分析並指出他在《三體》世界中所刻意使用的一種「留白」技法,指出中國國畫中的「空白美學」如何作為一種東方特色。而劉慈欣以空白美學想像東方的無限可能性,是為了挑戰從歐洲(西方)殖民以來看似普世的知識生產及世界觀。然而隨著故事進展,劉慈欣的寫作逐漸呈現一種相對單一的未來想像:自由且高科技的烏托邦未來。我進一步檢視在這樣看似平等的科技烏托邦中,西方自由人文主義(modern liberalism)的概念是如何被當作一種普世價值,與高科技相輔相成,成為由東方主導的「更好的」人類未來範本。本文希望通過「空白美學」此一概念,說明並分析東方文化的想像意涵,是如何回應並提供對於未來世界可能的想像。最終在看似樂觀的且平等的「科學/科技」想像下,仍呈現對於未來世界想像中合格公民與「自由」之間的掙扎。
Most of the commentaries on Liu Cixin’s The Three-Body Problem trilogy stress the remarkable details as well as inclusive humanitarian concerns in its world-building of techno utopia. My thesis critically examines the assumed thorough world-building with a particular focus on the discussion of how Liu characterizes the East with “blank aesthetics.” In this thesis, I analyze how Liu develops the “blank aesthetics” to create the infinite possibilities of
the East to challenge the West-centric epistemology. Offering a detailed reading of the literary narratives alongside critical cultural texts, I specifically discuss how Liu’s work imagines the unthinkable future with blank aesthetics to respond to the cultural imagery of the East as a possible future alternative. I argue that the infinite possibilities, however East-oriented, fall under the cultural logics of modern liberalism in which liberty, technology and citizenship are still privileged to imagine the promising future direction for the betterment of humanity.
English Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..I
中文大綱……………………………………………………………………………................II
致謝辭………………………………………………………………………………………...III
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………………...V
Chapter 1
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………1
Chapter 2
The “Blank Aesthetics” and Productivity of the East…………………...…………20
Chapter 3
The “Infinite Possibilities” of the East in the Liberal Myth……………………….36
Chapter 4
The “Right” Direction Within Infinite Possibilities—the Technological
Emancipation……………………………………………...……………………….51
Work Cited…………………………………………………………………………….……...67
In English
Atanasoski, Neda, and Kalindi Vora. “Surrogate Humanity: Posthuman Networks and the
(Racialized) Obsolescence of Labor.” Catalyst: feminism, theory, technoscience 1 (1):
1-40, 2015.
Bahng, Amiee. “On Speculation: Fiction, Finance, and Futurity.” Migrant Futures:
Decolonizing Speculation in Financial Times. North Carolina: Duke University Press
Books, 2018.
Cassauwers, Tom. “What our science fiction says about us?” BBC. Web. 4 Dec., 2018.
https://reurl.cc/Nrqmz9
Liu, Cixin. The Three-Body Problem. Google Books, 2008. 2 March, 2021.
https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=ZrNzAwAAQBAJ&pg=GBS.PA8
—-. The Dark Forest. Google Books, 2010. 2 March, 2021.
https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=WJfYBQAAQBAJ
—-. Death’s End. Google Books, 2011. 2 March, 2021. https://reurl.cc/3aOl8l
Lowe, Lisa. The Intimacies of Four Continents. Duke University Press, 2015, print.
Sakai, Naoki. “The West—A Dialogue Prescription or Proscription?” Social Identities:
Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 11(3): 177-195.
Spade, Dean. “Demanding the Unthinkable.” Feminist@Law, 1 (1). 2011. Web. 6 Jan., 2020.
http://journals.kent.ac.uk/index.php/feministsatlaw/article/view/10/68
“Definition of SF.” The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Web. 10 Oct., 2020. http://www.sf-encyclopedia.com/entry/definitions_of_sf
“Pangu.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangu
“The Three-Body Problem.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Three-Body_Problem_(novel)#Plot
Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. US: Cornell University Press, 1975.
“Chinese Painting.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_painting
“Cultural Revolution.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_Revolution
“Japanese Tea Ceremony.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_tea_ceremony
“Ukiyo-e.” Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 22 April, 2021. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukiyo-eg
Wolf, J. P. Mark. “Worlds within the World.” Building Imaginary Worlds. London: Routledge, 2012: 15-68. Print.
Yang, Nai-Nu. “Science as an Approach to World Literature: Hard Science Fiction and Post-Apocalyptic Dystopia in Cixin Liu’s Remembrance of Earth’s Past Trilogy.” Fiction and Drama 27.2: 82-109, 2018.

In Chinese
Wang David Der-wei 王德威. Cong lu xun dao Liu Cixin(〈從魯迅到劉慈欣〉)[“From Lu Xun to Lui Cixin”]. Wu tuo bang, e tuo bang, yi tuo bang《烏托邦,惡托邦,異托邦》[Utopia, dystopia, heterotopia], Peking University, May 17 2011.
Yang Nai-Nu 楊乃女. “Dang dai zhong guo ke huan yu hou ren lei de shen ti he ge ming”(〈當代中國科幻與後人類的身體和革命〉)[“Contemporary Chinese Science Fiction and the Revolution and Body of Post-human”]. Hou ren lei shi dai de ke ji yu wen xue(《後人類時代的科技與文學》)[The Technology and Literature of Post-human]. Taipei: National Taiwan University, June 8 2018. Web. 17 June, 2021. https://reurl.cc/YO8rga
Sung Ming-Wei 宋明煒. “Tan xing zhe yu mian bi zhe: Liu Cixin de ke huan shi jie”(〈彈星者與面壁者:劉慈欣的科幻世界〉)[“Star-Plucker and Wall-facer: The Science Fiction World of Lu Cixin”] Shanghai Culture 上海文化 3: 17-30, 2011.
Liu Cixin 劉慈欣. San ti: di qiu wang shi san bu qu(《三體:地球往事三部曲》)[The Three-Body Problem: Remembrance of Earth's Past]. China: Zhong Qing Publisher 重慶出版社, 2008. Print.
—-. San ti II: hei an sen lin(《三體 II:黑暗森林》)[The Dark Forest]. China: Zhong Qing Publisher 重慶出版社, 2010. Print.
—-. San ti III: si shen yong sheng(《三體 II:死神永生》)[Death’s End]. China: Zhong Qing Publisher 重慶出版社, 2011. Print.
Liu Yung-Chun and Kao Chiang 劉永春、高強. “Lun san ti de ren wen nei han”(〈論三體的人文內涵〉)”[Discussion on the Humanitarian Spirit in The Three-Body Problem”]. China Literature and Art Criticism 中國文藝評論 3: 89-96, 2015.
Jan Ling 詹玲. “1980nian dai qian qi zhong guo ke huan xiao shuo de zhuan xing”(〈1980年代前期中國科幻小說的轉型〉)[“The Transformation of Chinese Science Fiction in Early 1980s”]. Twenty-First Century 二十一世紀月刊 144: 62-76, 2014.
“bo luan fan zheng”(「撥亂反正」)[“From turmoil to normalization”] Wikipedia. Web. 10 Oct., 2020.
“qing ming shang he tu” (「清明上河圖」)[“Along the River During the Qingming Festival”]. Wikipedia. 2019. Web. 3 Jan., 2019. https://reurl.cc/rgLb94
“sān tǐ 2: shè xián xìng bié qí shì”(〈《三体 2》涉嫌性别歧视?〉)[“The Sexism in The Three-Body Problem?”]The Paper 澎湃新聞. Web. 21, July. 2020. https://cul.qq.com/a/20150420/052771.htm
“sān tǐ lǐ miàn de nǚ rén zěn me dōu shì nà yàng de ā!”(〈《三體》裡面的女人,怎麼都是那樣的啊!〉)[“How Come the Representations of Women in The Three-BodyProblem Are the Same?”] Yī Dú 壹讀. Web. 21, July. 2020.
https://read01.com/zh-tw/3ORO75.html#.YP-dwY4zY2w
“shǐ shàng zuì qiáng de ‘miàn bì zhě’” (〈史上最強的「面壁者」〉) [The most powerfulwallfacer ever”] KKNews 每日頭條. Web. 21, July. 2020. https://kknews.cc/zh-tw/culture/m3l8qp.html
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