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作者:徐子堯
作者(外文):Tzu-Yao Hsu
論文名稱:伊藤潤二富江之恐怖探究:詭奇與賤斥
論文名稱(外文):Horror in Junji Ito's Tomie: the Uncanny and the Abject
指導教授:易鵬
指導教授(外文):Peng Yi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
學號:104122003
出版年:110
畢業學年度:109
語文別:英文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:恐怖詭奇賤斥陰性怪物致命女郎怪物厭女父權
外文關鍵詞:Horrorthe Uncannythe AbjectMonstrous-Femininefemme fatalemonstrositymisogynypatriarchy
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本文主要會運用佛洛伊德的詭奇和克莉斯蒂娃的賤斥理論探究富江的故事內容、角色人物以及對話氛圍等等方面,以便解構並分析其恐怖元素。富江是由著名的恐怖漫畫大師伊藤潤二所創,也是其代表作之一。富江不僅僅是一個漫畫角色,她在現今大眾文化裡也代表著經典恐怖原型。藉由與詭奇跟賤赤的並列,在成果上可以得知富江是如何讓裡面的角色以及讀者都對她產生吸引卻又厭惡的矛盾感。在分析的過程中,我們也能發現伊藤擅長在虛實的架構之間產生出詭奇感。接著本文藉由富江此角色在性別的反思中,從而反映出當下社會的現象。因此,富江的形象會藉著身分邊界跟怪物化做探討,特別是使用陰性賤斥來闡明她的怪物特質。富江似乎處在獵食者和獵物的模糊地帶,一開始她處在男性凝視之下,然而她擁有極大的誘惑性,使得絕大多數的男人都無法抵抗只能臣服於美貌下。即使富江的性格及口吻令人生厭,唯一能夠讓她強大且可貴的是美貌。這種情況讓我們思考說美貌至上的概念是僅止於故事內,還是說事實上這就是在當今社會上的縮影跟反射。在性別論述上,藉由富江的闡述跟陰性賤斥的概念能夠給予上述提問的表明。即使富江這個作品有使用到與恐怖主題有著大量相似的技巧,不過特別在描繪陰性怪物的掙扎這點將富江跟其他日本恐怖漫畫區隔開來。最後,經過推斷富江裡隱晦卻又露骨的訊息便是生活上無所不在的厭女。厭女既是讓人感到詭奇的存在也是強烈地體現出陰性賤斥,就如同富江,厭女在父權社會下是不會被消滅掉的。
This thesis mainly uses Sigmund Freud’s uncanny and Julia Kristeva’s abject to scrutinize the story plots, the characters, and the speaking lines of Tomie in order to deconstruct and analyze its interlocking horror essence. A master of horror genre manga, Junji Ito(伊藤潤二), creates one of his most famous works named Tomie(富江). Tomie is not only a manga character but also an iconic representation of the horror prototype in popular culture nowadays. By the juxtaposition of the uncanny and the abject, the result is to see how Tomie makes readers and characters generate the feeling of being attracted and disgust towards her at the same time. In the process of analyzing, we can also find that Ito is good at creating an uncanny atmosphere in surreal storylines yet realistic. Then this thesis reflects upon the gender issue of Tomie, thereby demonstrating the phenomenon nowadays. Therefore, Tomie’s image will be discussed by the subjects of identity boundaries and the monsterization, especially shedding light on her monstrous traits by abjection of femininity. Tomie seems to be in limbo of prey and predator, at first she is an object of the male gaze, but the extremely seductive quality she has, which makes most men hard to resist but get caught in her beauty trap. Tomie’s beauty is the only thing that makes her powerful and valuable, despite her loathing personality and attitude. Under this situation, it questions us that is the power of beauty just a story or in fact it is a campaign of innuendo and reflection of nowadays society. With the help of gender discourse, reviews of feminine abjection and elaboration of Tomie are a manifestation of the question above. Even though Tomie has a large amount of similarity technique which has been used in the horror genre; however, the struggles of feminine monstrosity in Tomie set it apart from other Japanese horror manga. Lastly, by inference, the hidden yet explicit message in Tomie is misogyny which is everywhere in our daily life. Misogyny is not only an uncanny existence, but also a strong embodiment of abjection, and it is like Tomie that they both will not be eliminated from the patriarchal society.
English Abstract………………………………………………………………….…….I
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………..……III
致謝詞…………………………………………………………………………..……IV
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………...V
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………1
Chapter 1:
Horror Elements of Tomie……………………………………………………………26
Chapter 2:
The Relationship between the Uncanny, the Abject and, Tomie’s Monsterization......50
Chapter 3:
The Connection between Monstrous-Feminine and Misogyny in Tomie………….…67
Works Cited………………………………………………………………………..…90

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